Orion (Mythologie), der Sohn eines Wunders, den Hyrieus fand, als er, der Kinderlose, sich Kinder wünschte, und den Zeus und Hermes auf eine. 7. Juli Kommen wir nun zur Mythologie. In Griechenland war Orion als Jäger bekannt, der in Böotien und auf Kreta lebte. Er wurde von seinen beiden. 8. Febr. Vielen Naturfreunden gilt Orion als schönstes Sternbild überhaupt. Folgt man den Griechen, verlief die Zeugung des Hünen allerdings wenig. It was the time when yokes bring back the upturned plough and stooping lams milk their bursting ewes. The same source tells two stories of the death of Orion. Way Greek epic C4th A. Orion, like Perseus and the Erfahrungen mit banggood is here regarded as a bastard son of Zeus. This featured Orion with Cedalion on his shoulder, in a depiction of the ancient legend of Bwin book of dead recovering his sight; the sculpture is now displayed at the Louvre. Top rated online casinos usa son of Zeus would have thus ridden upon Arion when he bestes simulationsspiel Elis. Views Read Edit View history. Others, along with Nhl winter classic, say that when he wished to offer violence spiele installieren Diana [Artemis], he was transfixed by her arrows and fashioned for the stars because of their similar zeal in hunting. Although Orion does not defeat the Scorpion in any version, several variants have it die from its wounds. Thames and Hudson Where is she now, you ask? She thereupon took aim, and hit it, but the point was the head of Orion, who had been swimming in the sea. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Orion Mythologie VideoAnatomie de la constellation d'Orion
Once there, he looked up and was completely healed by the rays of Helios the Sun. Immediately he started back to confront Oinopion.
But Poseidon had provided Oinopion with a house beneath the earth, built by Hephaistos. Meanwhile, Eos the Dawn , whom Aphrodite taunted with constant passion as punishment for sleeping with Ares, fell in love with Orion and took him off with her to Delos.
There he was killed, according to some, for challenging Artemis to a discus match. Others say that Artemis shot him as he was forcing his attention on Oupis Opis , a virgin who had come from the Hyperboreans.
Callimachus, Hymn 3 to Artemis ff trans. Mair Greek poet C3rd B. Aratus, Phaenomena ff trans. Mair Greek astronomical poem C3rd B. Thy pardon, Artemis, we crave!
There is a tale told by the men of old, who said that stout Orion laid hands upon her robe, what time in Khios Chios he was smiting with his strong club all manner of beasts, as a service of the hunt to that King Oinopion Oenopion.
But she forthwith rent in twain the surrounding hills of the island and roused up against him another kind of beast--even the Scorpion, who proving mightier wounded him, mighty though he was, and slew him, for that he had vexed Artemis.
Wherefore, too, men say that at the rising of the Scorpion in the East Orion flees at the Western verge. Parthenius, Love Romances 20 trans.
Gaselee Greek poet C1st B. Orion, the son of Hyrieos Hyrieus , fell in love with her, and asked her father for her hand; for her sake he rendered the island where they lived habitable--it was formerly full of wild beasts--, and he also gathered together much booty from the folk who lived there and brought it as a bridal-gift for her.
Then Orion, maddened by strong drink, broke in the doors of the chamber where the girl was lying asleep, and as he was offering violence to her Oinopion attacked him and put out his eyes with a burning brand.
Jones Greek geographer C1st B. It is also thought that Orion was so named because he was reared there. Diodorus Siculus, Library of History 4.
Oldfather Greek historian C1st B. Orion, far surpassing in size and strength of body all the heroes of whom we have record, was a lover of the chase and the builder of mighty works by reason of his great strength and love of glory.
In Sikelia Sicily , for instance, for Zanklos Zanclus , who was king at that time of the city. Zankle Zancle , but now Messene, he built certain works and mong them he formed the harbour by throwing up a mole and made the Akte Promontory , as it is called.
Some say that great earthquakes occurred, which broke through the neck of land and formed the straits [of Messina between Sicily and Italy], the sea parting the mainland from the island.
But Hesiodos Hesiod , the poet, says just the opposite: Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 25 trans. Celoria Greek mythographer C2nd A.
After Artemis had taken him away from the sight of mankind, they were brought up by their mother [and were later transformed into comets by Persephone].
Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy 5. Way Greek epic C4th A. Philostratus the Younger, Imagines 10 trans. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. You see Orion also, but the story about him and the reason why he is one of the stars we must defer to another occasion, my boy, that we may not divert you from the object of your present desire.
The stars next to Orion are the Bear, or the Wain if you prefer that name. Men say that this constellation alone does not sink into Okeanos Oceanus , but revolves about itself as a guard over Orion.
Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae trans. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Since they were received hospitably by him, they promised him whatever he should ask for.
He asked for children. Mercurius [Hermes] brought out the hide of the bull which Hyrieus had sacrificed to them; they urinated in it, and buried it in the earth, and from it Orion was born.
When he tried to violate Diana [Artemis], she killed him. Later he was placed by Jove [Zeus] among the stars, and called Orion.
And so up to this time Orion seems to be following them as they flee towards the west. Orion, since he used to hunt, and felt confident that he was most skilled of all in that pursuit, said even to Diana [Artemis] and Latona [Leto] that he was able to kill anything the earth produced.
Tellus Earth [Gaia], angered at this, sent the Scorpion which is said to have killed him. Jove [Zeus], however, admiring the courage of both, put the Scorpion among the stars, as a lesson to men not to be too self-confident.
Diana [Artemis], then, because of her affection for Orion, asked Jove to show to her request the same favour he had given of his own accord to Tellus [Gaia].
And so the constellation was established in such a way that when Scorpion rises, Orion sets. Callimachus [Greek poet C3rd B. So they have represented Orion fighting the Bull.
He had the ability of running over the waves as if on land, just as it is said that Iphiclus could run over standing grain and not bruise it.
To gain his request more readily he sacrificed an ox and put it before them for a feast. When he had done this, Jove and Mercurius asked him to remove the hide from the ox; then they urinated in it, and bade him bury the hide in the ground.
From this, later on, a child was born whom Hyrieus called Urion Urine from the happening, though on account of his charm and affability he came to be called Orion.
He is said to have come from Thebes to Chios, and when his passions were excited by wine, he attacked Merope, the daughter of Oenopion.
For this he was blinded by Oenopion and cast out of the island. But he came to Lemnos and Vulcanus [Hephaistos], and received from him a guide named Cedalion.
Carrying him on his shoulders, he came to Sol [Helios], and when Sol healed him returned to Chios to take vengeance on Oenopion.
The citizens however, guarded Oenopion underground. He made the boast to her we have mentioned before, and thus came to the stars.
Some say that Orion lived with Oenopion in too close intimacy, and wanting to prove to him his zeal in hunting, boasted to Diana [Artemis], too, what we spoke of above, and so was killed.
Others, along with Callimachus, say that when he wished to offer violence to Diana [Artemis], he was transfixed by her arrows and fashioned for the stars because of their similar zeal in hunting.
Istrus, however, says that Diana [Artemis] loved Orion and came near marrying him. Since she wished to be called an expert in that skill, she shot an arrow and pierced the head of Orion.
The waves brought his slain body to the shore, and Diana [Artemis], grieving greatly that she had struck him, and mourning his death with many tears, put him among the constellations.
But what Diana did after his death, we shall tell in the stories about her. Boyle Roman poetry C1st B. I should sing the cause of this constellation.
Jupiter [Zeus] and his brother who rules the broad sea [Poseidon] were travelling the road with Mercurius [Hermes]. It was the time when yokes bring back the upturned plough and stooping lams milk their bursting ewes.
By chance an old farmer of a narrow plot, Hyrieus, spots them, as he stood by his little hut. They take his offer and hide their godhead.
Where is she now, you ask? Sealed in an urn. I gave her an oath, with you as my witness. I want to be, not a husband, but a father. I am ashamed to speak any further [the three gods urinated on the hide].
Then they blanketed the sodden spot with soil. It was now ten months, and a boy was born. Hyrieus calls him Urion from his mode of birth; then the first letter lost its ancient sound.
Delia [Artemis] made him her companion; he guarded the goddess and he served her. Imprudent words incite the anger of gods: Its urge was to stab the goddess of twins with its hooked stingers.
This article is about the mythological horse. For other uses, see Arion disambiguation. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture.
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Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arion mythology. Ancient sources tell several different stories about Orion; there are two major versions of his birth and several versions of his death.
The most important recorded episodes are his birth somewhere in Boeotia , his visit to Chios where he met Merope and after he violated her, was blinded by her father, Oenopion , the recovery of his sight at Lemnos , his hunting with Artemis on Crete , his death by the bow of Artemis or the sting of the giant scorpion which became Scorpio , and his elevation to the heavens.
These various incidents may originally have been independent, unrelated stories, and it is impossible to tell whether omissions are simple brevity or represent a real disagreement.
The surviving fragments of legend have provided a fertile field for speculation about Greek prehistory and myth.
Orion served several roles in ancient Greek culture. The story of the adventures of Orion, the hunter, is the one on which we have the most evidence and even on that, not very much ; he is also the personification of the constellation of the same name; he was venerated as a hero , in the Greek sense, in the region of Boeotia; and there is one etiological passage which says that Orion was responsible for the present shape of the Strait of Sicily.
Orion could walk on the waves because of his father; he walked to the island of Chios where he got drunk and attacked Merope ,  daughter of Oenopion , the ruler there.
In vengeance, Oenopion blinded Orion and drove him away. Orion stumbled to Lemnos where Hephaestus — the lame smith-god — had his forge.
Hephaestus told his servant, Cedalion , to guide Orion to the uttermost East where Helios , the Sun, healed him; Orion carried Cedalion around on his shoulders.
Mother Earth objected and sent a giant scorpion to kill Orion. The creature succeeded, and after his death, the goddesses asked Zeus to place Orion among the constellations.
Although Orion has a few lines in both Homeric poems and in the Works and Days , most of the stories about him are recorded in incidental allusions and in fairly obscure later writings.
No great poet standardized the legend. Here the gods Zeus , Hermes , and Poseidon come to visit Hyrieus of Tanagra , who roasts a whole bull for them.
When he does, he finds Orion; this explains why Orion is earthborn. A second full telling even shorter than the summary of Hesiod is in a Roman-era collection of myths; the account of Orion is based largely on the mythologist and poet Pherecydes of Leros.
Here Orion is described as earthborn and enormous in stature. This version also mentions Poseidon and Euryale as his parents.
It adds a first marriage to Side before his marriage to Merope. All that is known about Side is that Hera threw her into Hades for rivalling her in beauty.
Eos , the Dawn, fell in love with Orion and took him to Delos where Artemis killed him. Another narrative on the constellations, three paragraphs long, is from a Latin writer whose brief notes have come down to us under the name of Hyginus.
In one of them he omits Poseidon;  a modern critic suggests this is the original version. The same source tells two stories of the death of Orion.
The first says that because of his "living joined in too great a friendship" with Oenopion , he boasted to Artemis and Leto that he could kill anything which came from Earth.
Gaia the personification of Earth in Greek mythology objected and created the Scorpion. Orion chased Pleione , the mother of the Pleiades , for seven years, until Zeus intervened and raised all of them to the stars.
Canis Minor and Canis Major are his dogs, the one in front is called Procyon. They chase Lepus , the hare, although Hyginus says some critics thought this too base a prey for the noble Orion and have him pursuing Taurus , the bull, instead.
There are numerous variants in other authors. Most of these are incidental references in poems and scholiasts.
The Roman poet Virgil shows Orion as a giant wading through the Aegean Sea with the waves breaking against his shoulders; rather than, as the mythographers have it, walking on the water.
He is also called Oeneus, although he is not the Calydonian Oeneus. Although Orion does not defeat the Scorpion in any version, several variants have it die from its wounds.
Artemis is given various motives. One is that Orion boasted of his beast-killing and challenged her to a contest with the discus. Another is that he assaulted either Artemis herself or Opis , a Hyperborean maiden in her band of huntresses.
Ancient poets differed greatly on whom Aesculapius brought back from the dead;  the Argive epic poet Telesarchus is quoted as saying in a scholion that Aesculapius resurrected Orion.
The story of Orion and Oenopion also varies. Another refers to Merope as the daughter of Minos and not of Oenopion. The text implies that Oenopion blinds him on the spot.
Lucian includes a picture with Orion in a rhetorical description of an ideal building, in which Orion is walking into the rising sun with Lemnos nearby, Cedalion on his shoulder.
He recovers his sight there with Hephaestus still watching in the background. The next picture deals with the ancient story of Orion. He is blind, and on his shoulder carries Cedalion, who directs the sightless eyes towards the East.
The rising Sun heals his infirmity; and there stands Hephaestus on Lemnos, watching the cure. Latin sources add that Oenopion was the son of Dionysus.
Dionysus sent satyrs to put Orion into a deep sleep so he could be blinded. One source tells the same story but converts Oenopion into Minos of Crete.
Both Hephaestus and the Cyclopes were said to make thunderbolts; they are combined in other sources. Giovanni Boccaccio cites a lost Latin writer for the story that Orion and Candiope were son and daughter of Oenopion, king of Sicily.
While the virgin huntsman Orion was sleeping in a cave, Venus seduced him; as he left the cave, he saw his sister shining as she crossed in front of it.
He ravished her; when his father heard of this, he banished Orion. Orion consulted an oracle, which told him that if he went east, he would regain the glory of kingship.
Orion, Candiope, and their son Hippologus sailed to Thrace, "a province eastward from Sicily". There he conquered the inhabitants, and became known as the son of Neptune.
His son begat the Dryas mentioned in Statius. In Ancient Greece, Orion had a hero cult in the region of Boeotia. The number of places associated with his birth suggest that it was widespread.
A feast of Orion was held at Tanagra as late as the Roman Empire. The Boeotian school of epic poetry was chiefly concerned with the genealogies of the gods and heroes; later writers elaborated this web.
A papyrus fragment of the Boeotian poet Corinna gives Orion fifty sons a traditional number. Corinna sang of Orion conquering and naming all the land of the dawn.
Orion also has etiological connection to the city of Messina in Sicily. Diodorus of Sicily wrote a history of the world up to his own time the beginning of the reign of Augustus.
He starts with the gods and the heroes. At the end of this part of the work, he tells the story of Orion and two wonder-stories of his mighty earth-works in Sicily.
One tells how he aided Zanclus , the founder of Zancle the former name for Messina , by building the promontory which forms the harbor.
Orion built the whole Peloris, the Punta del Faro , and the temple to Poseidon at the tip, after which he settled in Euboea. He was then "numbered among the stars of heaven and thus won for himself immortal remembrance".
Images of Orion in classical art are difficult to recognize, and clear examples are rare. There are several ancient Greek images of club-carrying hunters that could represent Orion,  but such generic examples could equally represent an archetypal "hunter", or indeed Heracles.
A tradition of this type has been discerned in 5th century BC Greek pottery — John Beazley identified a scene of Apollo, Delian palm in hand, revenging Orion for the attempted rape of Artemis, while another scholar has identified a scene of Orion attacking Artemis as she is revenged by a snake a counterpart to the scorpion in a funerary group—supposedly symbolizing the hope that even the criminal Orion could be made immortal, as well as an astronomical scene in which Cephalus is thought to stand in for Orion and his constellation, also reflecting this system of iconography.
Orion is also seen on a 4th-century bas-relief,  currently affixed to a wall in the Porto neighborhood of Naples.
The constellation Orion rises in November, the end of the sailing season, and was associated with stormy weather,  and this characterization extended to the mythical Orion—the bas-relief may be associated with the sailors of the city.
Mythographers have discussed Orion at least since the Renaissance of classical learning; the Renaissance interpretations were allegorical.
He also explains how Orion walked on the sea: Modern mythographers have seen the story of Orion as a way to access local folk tales and cultic practices directly without the interference of ancient high culture;  several of them have explained Orion, each through his own interpretation of Greek prehistory and of how Greek mythology represents it.
There are some points of general agreement between them: There was a movement in the late nineteenth century to interpret all the Boeotian heroes as merely personifications of the constellations;  there has since come to be wide agreement that the myth of Orion existed before there was a constellation named for him.
Homer, for example, mentions Orion, the Hunter, and Orion, the constellation, but never confuses the two. The story of Side may well be a piece of astronomical mythology.
The Greek word side means pomegranate , which bears fruit while Orion, the constellation, can be seen in the night sky.
The 19th-century German classical scholar Erwin Rohde viewed Orion as an example of the Greeks erasing the line between the gods and mankind.
That is, if Orion was in the heavens, other mortals could hope to be also. From this association he turns Orion into a representative of the old mead -drinking cultures, overcome by the wine masters Oenopion and Oeneus.
The Greek for "wine" is oinos. Fontenrose cites a source stating that Oenopion taught the Chians how to make wine before anybody else knew how.
Joseph Fontenrose wrote Orion: